Attractive, tubular, purple or reddish flowers in summer.
The foliage is very fragrant and can be used in potpourri.
A pollinator friendly plant including bees.
This is a butterfly friendly plant.
A bat friendly plant.
Good for wildlife in general.
Can tolerate a coastal aspect with a certain amount of salt laden air.
How easy is it to grow:
This is great for a herb garden, border or patio and is straightforward in most soils, including heavy or clay soils, provided it isn’t too dry.
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Is also known as Bee Balm, Scarlet Beebalm, Crimson Beebalm, or Oswego-Tea.
Botanical name: Monarda didyma.
Bergamot culinary uses:
Use leaves and flowers in salads.
The best position in the garden:
Sun or semi shade where not too dry.
Is it useful as a ground cover plant?
It will fill a space in the middle or back of a border.
What type of soil:
Plant in any reasonable soil, benefits from added organic matter to help hold more moisture. Tolerates clay and also acidic soil.
How much moisture:
Normal moisture, but not dry soils.
Hardiness and, or, lifespan:
Care and maintenance:
When newly planted always keep it watered until the roots have grown down and it is able to find its own moisture.
Can suffer with Powdery Mildew, specially if soil is too dry.
Size of plant:
Planting density – to calculate how many plants are required in a planting scheme:
Allow 4 plants per square metre.
Herbs by post, also alpines, wildflowers, perennials and ornamental grasses.